Gardening Basics and Know-How

Tips from the Experts for Gardening Hobbyists

Gardening Basics

Are you a newbie to gardening? Or are you a casual gardener who wants to keep a small with gorgeous blooms or healthy greens? Either way, you’ve likely encountered a pest problem or soil issue you’ve never seen before. You might be feeling a bit lost on how to resolve it.

But don’t panic! Every gardener goes through this. Even experts and specialists on plant care deal with their own concerns.

To help you along, we’ve put this handy guide together! You’ll also find answers to the most frequent questions on gardening. You’ll also find top tips every gardener needs to know!

Here, we give you a brief list of expert gardening tips and tricks for rookies and hobbyists. You’ll learn about planting your first plant seed. You’ll find out how to give daily care to your plants. You’ll discover how to transfer your seedlings to your plant bed. You’ll also learn how to cultivate your soil and pick your herbs.

Whatever your concerns are, we’ve got your back! This handy guide has all the basic know-hows for any budding gardener.

Interested in a formal course? Want to get certified as a gardening expert? Look into associations offering classes in floristry, like:

American Institute of Floral Designers (
National Gardening Organization (
American Floral Endowment (
American Horticultural Society (

Prepping Your Garden Bed

Before doing anything else, all gardeners need to prepare their garden beds! Other gardening techniques like building soil can get complex without a good foundation. But no worries, we’re here to help!
Natural light, healthy soil, and water are the basic needs of any garden bed. But if you want to go all out, there are a few steps you need to follow.

Remove weeds, grass, and other vegetation from your desired spot.
Wet the soil until it is damp. Make sure it’s not soaking wet.
Work the soil to around 12 inches deep.
Place compost into your bed.
Cover the bed with mulch.
Top off with more compost to lock in moisture.
Prepping your garden bed can vary with the type of plants you wish to plant. But these are the basics you can follow to guarantee your bed is healthy! From here, you can get your lawn ready! You’ll soon enjoy a field of the best flowers and plant edibles!

Seed and Seed-Starting

So you’ve prepped your lawn or yard into a nurturing garden bed. Now you’re ready to start planting seeds and growing them to fully flourish! With the right care, you can look forward to vibrant blooms and harvests of herbs and vegetables.

To achieve this, here are some pointers from professional gardeners on seed starting! You’ll see the best ways to bury a seed into the soil and start them up on their growth progress.

Some gardeners say it’s okay to let your seed grow wild in every way they want. But experts don’t agree.

Years of experience with looking after our own gardens tell us otherwise. We say it’s best for newbies to start their gardens in an enclosed space. It’s much better for both you and your plants that you keep a close eye on them at all times. With this, you can adapt to and take care of their needs in a more effective way.

That said, here are a few basic tips for new gardeners planting their first set of seeds into the soil!

Spread your seeds in the bed and avoid overcrowding at all costs.
Store your supply of seeds in a dry and cool spot for longer shelf life.
Pat down the soil to make direct contact with the seeds.
Provide proper air flow and water drainage to stop pests and plant disease.
Water them on a daily basis, and feed them well with a healthy mix of fertilizer and plant food.
Take time to let your plants get used to direct light to avoid unwanted wilting.


Both flower beds and vegetable gardens benefit a good deal from mulch. It gives your garden very high levels of moisture retention and soil temperature regulation. It also helps ward off weeds better. You could never get these at top quality with any artificial product or formula.

Every gardener needs to know when to use mulch and how much of it to use. This is because mulch belongs to the most important things a garden needs to do well!

Whether you’re using grass clippings, wood chips, pine needles, stone and rocks, or dyed mulch, here are the experts’ answers to some FAQs on mulch.

Should I stay clear of any kind of mulch?
Avoid grass trimmings from any lawn that’s been treated with weed killers in the past three to four weeks. If you have pets, especially dogs, don’t use cocoa hull.

Aged mulch vs. New mulch?
As a rule, older mulch is better. It won’t drain the soil of its much-needed nitrogen and other nutrients. This is because they’ve already begun decomposing.

When should I apply mulch?
Gardening pros say it’s best to apply the mulch in your garden bed in the early summer. Otherwise, you’ll risk injuring the roots of any plants you put in after.

How deep should the mulch go?
The standard rule on how deep mulch should go is a couple of inches from above ground. Experts say this is ideal for your plants. Top tip: Keep the mulch about at least a feet away from your house’s foundation to prevent pest infestations.


The technique of composting has been around almost as long as gardening has. It’s only fair to assume everyone has at least a general idea of composting or building good compost.

No matter what you know about it, here are a few pointers to catch you up on the basics of composting!
We recommend that you set aside a dedicated workspace for your composting. This way, you can put compost in a bin to stock for longer use.

It’s also important to maximize your compost for your garden bed. Start by moistening each layer as you place them in your compost bin and quicken the process.

Now you want your compost to be top quality. Compost is most ideal when it has a well-balanced composition of brown (dry) and green (wet) materials. Otherwise, it can either heat up or smell bad.

So if one of these things happens, check on the balance of green and brown in your compost. If it isn’t uniform, add a little more of whichever compost is less than the other. Make sure the perimeter of your workspace doesn’t block water and lets it drain out with ease.

Photo by Gabriel Jimenez

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