Introduction to Floral Arrangements (Part 3).

Styles, Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

For this series, we will discuss the basic aspects of crafting floral arrangements. We’ll also dive into the details of designing and assembling flower arrangements.

In Part 1, we covered the know-hows in processing, storing, and maintaining flowers. In Part 2, we went into the common flowers and plants used for decor. We also covered how-tos in designing gorgeous arrangements in an effective way.

Here in Part 3, we’ll compile everything we learned into a clear and practical guide. We’ll examine the origins of floral design all the way to modern forms today. As budding florists, you’ll find everything you need to know right here!

Interested in programs on designing floral arrangements? We recommend schools like the American Institute of Floral Designers ( We also encourage you to check out the Society of American Florists (

Three Key Styles of Floral Design.

Several styles of floral design came about from diverse cultures around the world. A lot of florists continue to apply these traditions in fresh and relevant ways.

The first principal style of floral design is the Oriental style. It highlights the lines of the arrangement. It pursues harmony and balance in combining flowers and greens.

Next is the traditional or Western style. It highlights the look and use of flowers as a whole. It tends towards uneven arrangements that still inspire rhythm and creativity.

Coming in last is the modern floral style. It arose as a blend of Eastern and Western styles. It bases upon the form and lines of the Oriental style. But it also allows florists to express their creative taste through unique design.

Elements and Principles of Floral Design.

As florists, we have our special styles. Our customers also have various tastes and needs. But for every arrangement, every florist needs to feature a few basic elements. With this, you can craft high-quality bouquets that still suit your client’s demands.

Here is the lineup of important factors to keep in mind:.


Every design starts off with creating a visual and theme. Are you aiming for a chic finish or a rustic appeal? Should your bouquet have a bright look or a muted one? It’s important to consider these questions before creating your arrangement.

Proportion and Scale.

These two elements come hand in hand when you plan floral arrangements. They’re especially useful when you prep for large parties and venues.

Proportion refers to the relationship between the sizes of elements in your design. This includes your flowers, plants, and vases.

Scale refers to the location of your flowers in the desired space. For instance, will your arrangement serve as a centerpiece for a table or decor for the whole venue? This will help you consider if your design fits the space where you place it.


This principle emphasizes the form and structure of your floral design. Regardless of your desired style is, each arrangement must have a sense of balance.

To achieve this, your bouquet should have an element of matching color, texture, or weight on each side. Flowers and ornaments need to balance each other well in creative ways.


This element brings life to your design! It creates flow and movement that grabs attention. It’s all about aligning flowers based on their shape and form. This way, it pulls the eye to the center of the design all the way to its edges.


Main flowers are the stars of your show! They act as the heart of your design. This is where accents and foliage seem to rise from, creating a breathtaking illusion.

This principle is about bringing focus to your main flowers. You can create emphasis by contrasting colors and types of flowers. This means you choose accents and foliage to complement the main flowers!

Harmony and Unity.

Every floral arrangement needs to be relevant to the event and motif. It must ensure a harmonious blend of various colors. It also needs to look unified with its vessel and placement.

For a more in-depth guide on the use of color and design in floristry, see our next article!


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